Acne vulgaris or acne, as we call it, is a common human skin disease characterized by blackheads, whiteheads, seborrhoea, pinheads, pimples, nodules and possibly scarring. Even adults are affected by it and need adult acne treatments.
Adult acne affects 25% of all adult men and 50% of adult women at some time in their adult lives. According to some experts, about 80 percent of youth develop acne in varying degrees. But, though acne is most common in teenagers, people of all ages can be afflicted with it. In fact, people can develop unpleasant acne or have an acne recurrence in their 20s, 30s, and 40s and beyond.
Due to an increase in male sex hormones, which people of both genders experience during puberty, acne emerges. For most people, acne reduces and lessens over time and tends to disappear – or at the very least decrease – after one reaches one’s early twenties. However, in some individuals acne still persists even in their 40’s.
Among the causes of adult acne are hormonal changes due to menstrual cycles in women, lifestyle and diet, sleeping habits, cosmetics, and stress.
Adult women may experience break-outs once in a while as reaction of their body to swinging hormonal levels of their menstrual cycle.
A major factor that aggravates acne is the use of harsh cleansers, astringents and exfoliants. While they intend to eliminate their acne, they sometimes commit a common mistake. That is, buying and using products that are not suitable for their skin type. This may result to over drying of skin, irritation, and ultimately more acne breakouts.
Cosmetics are another factor which can cause or aggravate acne. Cosmetics can clog pores because they are oily and greasy. These clogged pores provide a very suitable thriving ground for acne- causing bacteria.
Interestingly, tension and emotional upsets can activate skin glands. Some experience a blossoming of a large pimple just before an important event.
Diet can also contribute to acne breakouts, although the degree to which they are directly related has not been proven.
There are some over-the-counter medications available such as gels, creams, lotions, washes, soaps, and, facial masks which contain benzoyl peroxide (an antibacterial agent) that can help bring acne under control. A dermatologist can be consulted if stronger measures are needed. Many find that cleansing their skin thoroughly with soap or wash containing benzoyl peroxide is helpful. However, avoid oily soaps and oil-based cosmetics as what mentioned above. A person who is prone to acne should see to it that the product he/she uses are noncomedogenic, meaning it will not clog pores. Remember that skin cleansers should be mild, and need to be used gently. Do not use them too often also.
Some have found that by taking care of their overall health-getting plenty of exercise, being out in the fresh air as much as possible, and getting enough sleep -their adult acne improve. While the benefits of maintaining a fat-free diet are debated by some, avoiding junk food and having a balanced diet do obviously makes sense.